/ / FrÃ©dÃ©ric LemaÃ®tre, editions Grasset 140 pages, 9 euros.
/ / by Bruno Parmentier, editions
The discovery, 290 pages, 10 euros.
CHILDREN AND THE LAW
/ / by Claire Brisset, Ã©ditions Odile Jacob, 220 pages, 21 euros.
/ / by Gilles Fumey, Editions Humanities, 130 pages, 10 euros.
/ / by Doan Bui, private editions.
360 pages 17,90 euros.
During the crisis, the food disasters continue. If the riots related to hunger in the world are no longer the opening of the newspapers, literary news is responsible for launching cries of alarm. Several recent works leave frightful findings. "By 2050, food needs should double, observes FrÃ©dÃ©ric LemaÃ®tre in"Tomorrow, hunger!".". However, nothing says that agriculture will be able to meet this new challenge. ""This almost the impossible while the planet will run out of water, land and energy", said Bruno Parmentier in"feed humanity. "
Children are the first victims of this situation, says Claire Brisset. In "Children and the law of the jungle", she recalled that in 2007 "malnutrition has killed more than 6 million children less than six years". "The situation has worsened in 2008 and experts expect a terrible year 2009," continues.
Jump in imports
The fault for that Focus online: international institutions and multinational corporations. FrÃ©dÃ©ric LemaÃ®tre critical this "fundamental error" World Bank "that has long believed that agriculture was a dedicated activity (...)". to move to the West. A industrialize. "In"Geopolitical power", Gilles Fumey updates the index the multinational providers of inputs which were his"right arm""when she called to develop intensive agriculture (...), pushing to the ruin of millions of small farmers ".
In "The Affameurs", Doan Bui tackles also "Octopus of agribusiness as Monsanto or Cargill, which thrive in these times of crisis". The World Trade Organization (WTO), which it calls a "great Satan" for countries of southern or "nice brothel" where "the strong continue to act", also takes to rank... (Is international trade) a tool for better feed or starve What Bruno Parmentier. Without taking sides, he nevertheless said: "the simple law of the market does not work." And cited the example of chickens in Cameroon. "The European frozen chicken sold 1.37 euro/kilo against 2.28 euros/kilo for the product on the spot." Indeed, between 1996 and 2003, imports jumped and national production has fallen, "which has removed nearly 110,000 jobs a year", provides a local NGO.
Several examples like this illustrate the work of Doan Bui. In the form of a report, it invites the reader on a journey around the world. Dakar and Sandaga market where "everything is imported" at the expense of local production, to Borneo where it stops on "Palm oil scandal", passing by the traders and diplomats from Geneva or "the wreckers of the City", in London. It also refers to China which becomes carnivorous and "its impact on the markets... Attention to "the Chinese twine (which is) a little big!" However prevents Gilles Fumey. If new Chinese eat more meat, "public policy could encourage them to eat otherwise (...), especially in rich countries, argues it." Curiously, never is treated the issue of the supercharger and waste in rich countries.
Agriculture, leading issue
"The famine is political, summarizes Claire Brisset.". It is created by the hand of man; by speculation on raw, aberrant decisions which favour the financial economy and neglect the means to feed humans.
For all authors, agriculture becomes a major issue. Developed countries to sell their lands to others who want to ensure their food security... And if, one day, it devolves into wars "May 2045." "The India just declare war on the Indonesia," dare FrÃ©dÃ©ric LemaÃ®tre in a fictional scenario. The India had purchased land in the Indonesia in 2015. But the latter wants to repeat them. The riots in the spring of 2008 "is only a foretaste of what awaits us", concludes, pessimistic.